We normally hear about the problems of computer system being hacked or the sites are being hacked. Newspapers now a days are full of the news of cyber crime. This crime is gradually increasing at a rising pace due to the advancement in the technologies. To avoid this problem, a protection program has been launched known as cyber security. This program has been launched to protect the computers from any kind of crimes done through internet.
Cyber security provides the protection to the interconnected systems connected by way of internet including the hardware’sand software’s. This program also saves the data of the computer from any kind of cyber attacks. They try to protect the computer from any kind of unauthorised access to data centres and other computerised systems.
Elements of cyber security
- Operational security
- Application security
- Network security
- Information security
- End user education
- Business continuity planning
Types of threats
- Malware are the types of virus, worms, spyware and Trojan horses that harms the hardware’s of the computer prevents it from working smoothly.
- Ransomware consists of an attacker whose main object is to lock the files in the system by the encryption and ask for a payment that is required to decrypt and unlock the hacked things.
- Phishing is the hacking system by sending a fraudulent email to misguide the person that resemble from the known resources. The object of the email is to steal the sensitive data from the computers such as information regarding credit cards.
The use of cyber security can prevent any kind of data breaches, cyber attacks and any fear regarding theft of identity. When an organisation is well developed with a good network security and an effective response to information from any unknown sources, it is better to prevent these attacks and mitigate the problems.